Philippi (in Greek, Philippoi) was a city in ancient Macedonia which overlooked the coastal plain and the bay at Neapolis (Kavála). It was established by Philip II in 356 BC to fortify the Thasian settlement called Crenides in 356 BC, to control the neighbouring gold mines.
St Paul the Apostle, one of the leaders of the first generation of Christians, and considered by many to be the most important person after Jesus in the history of Christianity, came to Philippi on his second missionary journey around approximately 50AD. It was here that he wrote the Epistle of Paul to the Philippians, the eleventh book of the New Testament.
Philippi was also the scene in 42 BC of two battles in which Mark Antony and Octavian defeated Brutus and Cassius.
It was abandoned in the 14th century after the Ottoman conquest.
The present municipality Filippoi is located near the ruins of the ancient city and it is part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace in Greece.